雅思听力如何定位关键信号词

很多雅思考生都吐槽,听力考试越来越难了,语速太快跟不上,听漏很多关键信息。现在听力语速虽然变快了,如果你能练就快速定位关键词信息能力,你就赢了。下面跟着来了解一下如何快速定位听力关键词。

雅思听力如何定位关键信号词

一、顺序关键词

有一类听力关键词很明显,那就是顺序词,这类词常常出现在雅思听力流程图中,或是描述实验步骤的听力场景中,这些词可称之为Marker words/phrases,这类词出现时语音音调会突然转变,考生在考试的时候应当多加留心。

举例:

first, first of all ,for a start, in the first place, to begin with …

second, followed by, third ,then , next , previously, before that finally, last, for one thing ,for another, meanwhile, until ,subsequently

Now tell me … And now (we will) … Before I move on to … Next, I’d like to … Right, so the first thing … And what about…? Well, that’s about it, except for … I’d like not to move on to … One more thing Finally, can you tell us…

二、强调关键词

雅思听力对话中常常会出现一些语气词,这些语气词或短语后面的语段常常就是答案,不过这些词后面的语段也会有同义词替换,在听到这些信号词时,要注意甄别。

举例:

That is, That is to say, I mean, namely, in particular, specially

especially, actually, to be exact, in other words, another way of saying this, Let’s put it this way, equally, etc.

三、转折关键词

雅思听力不要求学生把每个词都听出来,有时语速过快干扰了学生的思考,这时候不要慌,注意听力中的一些转折语气或转折词,这往往隐藏着答案。当听到表示转折或对比的词或短语时,speaker会提供新信息或完全相反的观点,不过类似but一词考试是会弱化的,类似于/b?/, 所以考试时一定要仔细分辨。

强转折: but, however, nevertheless, on the contrary, on the other hand, yet, while, whereas

让步:Although, though, even if, in spite of, despite

对比:by/in contrast, by comparison, as a matter of fact, instead, otherwise

Eg. Most people tend to book twenty-four hours in advance…however, the earliest you book a computer is forty-eight hours before you need it.

题目:Computer can be booked up to ___hours in advance.

如果注意到however一词,可知第一个数字24小时是个陷阱,而正确答案应为48小时。

转折信号词基本上是听力考试中逢考必出现,而且是听力中多次出现的,相信很多考生虽然听力语段没听完整,但很快就能准确识别出转折关系,从而找到正确答案(尤其是选择题)。所以当听到表示转折或对比的词或短语时,考生一 定要集中注意力,因为此时speaker会提供新信息或完全相反的观点,也就是考点所在。需要引起注意的是,but一词考试是会弱化的,类似于/b?/, 所以考试时一定要仔细辨音。

强转折: but, however, nevertheless, on the contrary, on the other hand, yet, while, whereas

让步:Although, though, even if, in spite of, despite

对比:by/in contrast, by comparison, as a matter of fact, instead, otherwise

Eg. Most people tend to book twenty-four hours in advance…however, the earliest you book a computer is forty-eight hours before you need it.

题目:Computer can be booked up to ___hours in advance.

如果注意到however一词,可知第一个数字24小时是个陷阱,而正确答案应为48小时。

四、列举关键词

顾名思义,列举路标词是细节描述最常见的信号词,表示对同类事物的列举或上文的补充。也就是说,出现这类词,一定是细节类的内容,比如例子等。在雅思听力考试中,若未听清其前面的内容,也可根据这些路标词推断前文,考生应当灵活对待。

for instance, for example, such as, like, likewise, similarly

in addition to, one more thing, what’s more , furthermore, besides, also, too, as well as, moreover, together with, not only…but also, etc.

五、因果关键词

因果关系关键词很常见,不过考生注意力要集中,在听到因果关系的句子一定要听完整,即因果位置的互换。考生往往未抓住因果中的某一部分而失分,需引起注意。

其后跟“因”的信号词: for, since, for the reason that, because, thanks to, owing to, due to, as a result of, originate from, etc.

其后跟“果”的信号词: As a result, therefore, so, consequently, thus, lead to, result in, trigger, account for, give rise to, bring about, breed, etc.

六、总结关键词

在遇到总结性的句子时,要注意听总结性关键词。总结性关键词一般在听力语段的最后,但这类关键词也同样很关键,也是一个不容忽视的考点。

in short , finally, therefore ,overall ,in summary, thus, on the whole, in brief, to conclude, to sum up, in a nutshell, consequently ,to sum up ,to summarize ,in conclusion

其他注意事项

听力考试中,语段的语音,语调其实也是一种信号,考生在听不清或者听不明白语段意思时,也可以通过语音语调的变化来判断是否有重要信息。比如出现转折前会有停顿,不确定,怀疑时的语气会有上扬。考生在平时的听力练习中也可以尝试精听听力真题,注意辨别听力中的语音语调变化。

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